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Political dialogue and key events

Unlike other Western Balkan partners, Serbia does not aspire to join the Alliance. However, the country is deepening its political dialogue and cooperation with NATO on issues of common interest. Support for democratic, institutional and defense reforms is an important focus of NATO’s partnership with Serbia.

  • NATO and Serbia have steadily built up cooperation and dialogue, since the country joined the Partnership for Peace program and the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in 2006.
  • NATO fully respects Serbia’s policy of military neutrality.
  • Kosovo remains a key subject for dialogue, given the presence of the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR), which continues to ensure a safe and secure environment.
  • The Allies welcome progress achieved through the European Union-facilitated dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina and the commitment of both to normalize relations.
  • In January 2015, Serbia agreed to deepen cooperation with NATO through an Individual Partnership Action Plan.
The Individual Partnership Action Plan (IPAP) concluded in January 2015 is the main cooperation framework between NATO and Serbia that allows the Alliance to provide assistance to the Serbian authorities in achieving their reform goals. The mechanism helps to organize bilateral cooperation in the areas of political dialogue, participation in Partnership for Peace (PfP) activities, the Building Integrity (BI) program, the Science for Peace and Security (SPS) program, civil emergency planning/crisis management, and public diplomacy. It offers an important step forward in the relationship, deepen NATO-Serbia political consultation and practical cooperation.
The NATO Military Liaison Office in Belgrade has an important role in facilitating the implementation of the agreed priorities, particularly in the fields of military reform, public diplomacy, and political dialogue.

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