MASCAL EXERCISE “HOT DUST 161” KFOR TACTICAL RESERVE MANOUVRE BATTALION
KTM Battalion conducted the Medical Exercise "HOT DUST 161", at Camp "Slim Lines", in
order to Exercise and test the KTM MASCAL PLAN.
"HOT DUST 161" was a KTM multinational Exercise where a MASCAL Situation was simulated
in order to rigorously test the KTM MASCAL PLAN.
A "MASCAL" can be defined as a situation which there is an excessive gap between the
casualty load and medical capabilities for its conventional management, it demands an
organized medical approach where the concept of triage is essential.
The main objectives of the exercise were developed joint interoperability of both air and
ground elements across the diverse range of multinational units within KFOR and also to
achieve a coordinated response of KTM command elements and personnel.
Additionally, another key element was to improve the Command and Control process during a
MASCAL situation, thereby turning 'chaos' into an organized emergency process through the
application of proper triage, medical treatment and evacuation of casualties.
The exercise was based on a scenario of an IED attack on a KTM vehicle at the main gate of the
base, resulting in 8 victims with different degrees of severity.
The Primary Target Audience for this Exercise was the Portuguese and Hungarian Medical
Team which constitutes KTM Role 1 as well as all Combat Lifesavers of the battalion. A key
contribution to the exercise was also made by the AIRMEDEVAC TEAM (US Rotary Wing) from
MNBG-E that evacuated 2 Priority 1 Patients, as well as Hungarian Medical Team from Camp
"Novo Selo" that unloaded the patients, simulating a Role 3 Hospital.
Exercises like this are essential to maintain the readiness of troops and increase the
operational flexibility in situations that are often fluid and unpredictable.